Новости Электронная библиотека Поиск Статьи Контакты

. ID : 5491

NDIGENOUS PEOPLES AND THE OIL FRONTIER IN AMAZONIA: THE CASE OF ECUADOP, CHEVRONTEXACO, AND AGUINDA V. TEXACO
()Kimerling, Judith
Конституционное право зарубежных стран
New York University Journal of International Law a
2006
1
Ні
I. Introduction ...................................................... 414

II. Governments and Policy in Ecuador ................................. 417

A. Government Instability and Petroleum Politics ................. 417

B. Amazon Policy and the Rights of Indigenous Peoples ............ 426

C. Environmental Protection Policy ............................... 433

III. Texaco's Operations and Impact .................................... 449

IV. Environmental Audit ............................................... 468

V. Aguinda v. Texaco: "The Rainforest Indians' Lawsuit" in Texaco's

Homeland ......................................................... 474

VI. Texaco and Ecuador's Response to the Litigation ................... 484

VII. Outside Court ..................................................... 493

VIII. The First Dismissal of Aguinda v. Texaco .......................... 514

IX. Political Turmoil in Ecuador: Reopening the Record ................ 523

X. The Second Dismissal and the Court's Forum Non Conveniens Analysis 528

A. The Adequate Alternative Forum Analysis ....................... 532

1. Plaintiffs' Objections to an Ecuadorian Forum ............... 534

2. Independence and Impartiality ............................... 546

B. Private and Public Interest Factors--Degree of Deference and

Material Facts ................................................... 571

C. Consideration of Private Interest Factors ..................... 575

1. Witnesses and the Nexus between the Operations and the

United States .................................................... 575

2. Deficiencies in Ecuador's Legal and Judicial System ......... 591

3. Special Due Process Needs of Absent Class Members ........... 596

4. Justice Delayed ............................................. 597

5. Ability to Join Additional Parties in Ecuador ............... 601

6. Balancing Private Interests ................................. 603

D. Consideration of Public Interest Factors ...................... 606

E. "The Two Faces of Texaco" ..................................... 613

F. Summary and General Observations .............................. 620

XI. The Second Appeal ................................................. 625

XII. Epilogue: Two Lawsuits Against Chevrontexaco in Ecuador ........... 628

XIII. Conclusion and Recommendations .................................... 652
Спонсоры проекта